Audience and readers of mass communication media drop: Report

Ishwar Dev Khanal

September 29, 2022


Audience and readers of mass communication media drop: Report

Image for Representation/Photo: NT

KATHMANDU: The audience and readers of traditional mass media like radio, television and newspapers and magazines are found to have decreased along with the increasing use of alternative media and the post-COVID impact.

A study carried out by a team comprising of media experts shows that the television audience has fallen by 12.2 per cent, that of radio by 14 per cent and newspaper readers by 17 per cent while people are found consuming these media for news occasionally rather than as compulsory means.

In spite of this, it is seen that the relevance of the traditional media is intact for timely information and checking credibility of the received information.

Although the use of social media has increased, people usually do not believe the information shared in it.

The Nepal Media Survey, 2022 published by the Sharecast Initiative Nepal has highlighted some interesting facts regarding the media use in the country.

The survey is based on a field study done on 5,582 persons above 18 years of age.

The survey report has shown the way to the media entrepreneurs, journalists and the communicators regarding the use of the media, the social sites and their credibility aspects.

As per the study report, the number of radio audience is 45.2 per cent and that of television is 48.5 per cent, and the number of mobile and internet users is 63 per cent, that of online news portal users is 30 per cent and that of newspapers is 15 per cent.

Compared to a similar study carried out by the media institution in 2020, the number of radio, television and newspaper users has gone down while that of mobile and social sites has increased.

The study shows that the number of radio and television audience using the mobile through the use of the internet and not directly from the radio and television set is also increasing.

The record maintained by the Department of Information and Broadcasting, the number of newspapers registered throughout the country in fiscal year 2021/22 is 7,874.

Among these, around 1,000 are included in the Press Council Nepal’s classification on the basis of audit bureau of circulation.

The number of newspaper publication is found decreasing in recent times.

The newspapers are found reaching their readers through their online edition. The trend of reading newspapers and magazines is decreasing due to the unavailability of newspapers in the remote and outlying areas and as people cannot afford time due to the nature of their job and work.

As per the latest data with the Press Council Nepal, there are 3,624 online media.

The 48th annual report of the Council has clearly mentioned that more challenges have been posed to media due to social media.

“There is no situation where general people can distinguish which is media, which is social media, who are journalist and who are not. It is the need of the hour to incorporate all sectors of mass media and increase people’s trust,” read the study.

The team under the leadership of Madhu Acharya comprised of Dr Bhumiraj Chapagain, Dr Sudhamshu Dahal, Kunda Dixit and Ramesh Prasad Adhikari.