China has encroached Nepal’s land in Humla: Field Report

Amrit Raj Kaphle

October 12, 2020


China has encroached Nepal’s land in Humla: Field Report

KATHMANDU: The physical structure built by China in Lolungjong falls in the Nepali territory and that China has encroached on Nepali land in Humla, a report says.

The report prepared by a parliamentary team led by the Nepali Congress (NC) leader and Karnali Provincial Assembly lawmaker Jeewan Bahadur Shahi after a field visit has concluded that China has encroached on Nepali land, despite denial from both China and the Government of Nepal.

China has also encroached some two kilometers of the section of a road built by Nepal from Gappudocha in the district, the report has said.

Shahi said the team carried out an 11-day study from Pillar-5 to Pillar-12 in which it was evident that China had encroached Nepali territory in the district of Humla.

Pillar No 12 at the Nepal-China border erected by China. It’s alignment has been said to have been changed by China. Pieces of cement are seen to prove that it has been recently constructed.

It was also found that China has also blocked foodstuff from entering Nepal.

“Even the alignment of the recently constructed Pillar no 12 at Lapchhabhanjyang has been found to have been changed,” the report said adding that the pillar was constructed by China without the notice of the Government of Nepal or without giving a hint.

However, no encroachment was seen in areas near the Pillars 10 and 11 in Limi of Humla district, the report said.

The team has recommended the government and the concerned authorities to hold formal talks to resolve the issue.

Likewise, according to the report, China has been found to have violated the international obligation by constructing a gate in between the Pillar 9(2) in no man’s land at the Hilsa border area.

However, Nepal has built its gate some 30 meters away from the border pillar.

Similarly, China has also encroached Nepali territory near the border pillars 5(1) and 5(2) in the Kith area, and removed the old Junge Pillar no 5(2).

Team members stand near the Border Pillar no 12. Devnagari script is seen on the pillar.

Likewise, the pillars’ structural type and the scripts on the new pillars, too, are different from the old ones.

The team has recommended the government of Nepal to find a permanent solution to the border problem by discussing with locals, experts, surveyors, security personnel, and foreign affairs experts on the basis of the available documents and evidence.

Likewise, the study team has also suggested the government set up security posts in the border areas saying that China, too, has established security base camps near the border pillars.

The team has prepared 15-point evidence of encroachment by China.

Structure erected by China in Nepal’s land at Lolungjong (L) and the area where Pillar 12 is located (arrow right).

The construction of Pillar No. 12, the use of different scripts on the border pillars, and the fact that the local leaders have now encroached on Nepal’s land of Nepal by China have been presented as evidence by the study team in the report.

It should be noted that the then District Development Committee had started the construction of the road in the Lolungjong area in 2058 BS.

The historical fact that the Nepali people used for cattle grazing at Gappudocha and Lolungjong areas also shows that China has encroached on the Nepali land.

A Chinese security person looks at the Nepali team led by lawmaker Shahi.
The study team led by Karnali Provincial Assembly lawmaker Jeewan Shahi at the Nepal-China border.
Lawmaker Shahi (C) with Nepal Police and Armed Police Force personnel near the border in Humla.
A new structure built by China in Nepal’s territory at Lolungjong area (below yellow arrow).
An iron gate at the Nepal-China border.
Lawmaker Jeewan Bahadur Shai (R) unveiling the outcome of the study visit to Nepal-China border.
Lawmaker Shahi explaining the details of the visit and the encroached land.
A border pillar protected by China in a wire fencing.
A bridge in Kith and the road constructed by China in Nepali land.