World Hemophilia Day-2023 observed « Khabarhub
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World Hemophilia Day-2023 observed


17 April 2023  

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KATHMANDU: World Hemophilia Day was observed in Nepal by organizing various public awareness programs today.

This year the Day was observed with the theme of “Access for All: Prevention of Bleeding as the global standard of Care”. April 17 each year is marked as World Hemophilia Day.

According to the 2078 BS national census, the number of people living with hemophilia is 4,937 while 814 have been associated with the Nepal Hemophilia Society.

Society Chair Mukundamani Ghimire stressed the need of searching for those living with hemophilia who are yet to come into contact with Society as they need special care and treatment to reduce risks for life due to unexplained and excessive bleeding at any time of life.

The Society defines hemophilia is an inherited rare bleeding disorder, occurring predominantly in males, in which blood does not clot normally because the body does not produce sufficient blood clotting factors. The condition is genetically inherited.

“Hemophilia occurs in about 1 of every 5,000 male births,” the World Health Organization says.

As doctors say, Hemophilia is categorized as Hemophilia A and B, and such disorders are caused by factor VIII and factor IX protein deficiency. The situation is classified into three degrees: mild, moderate, and severe.

Civil Service Hospital Prof Dr. Bishesh Poudyal said most cases of Hemophilia in Nepal are related to Hemophilia ‘A’. This is generally transmitted to a male child from the mother. But the woman is also at risk of carrying this hereditary health problem.

If a woman bleeds severely during menstruation, she may have mild hemophilia and needs a timely medical test and intervention, according to him.

Dr. Poudyal who is also a member of the World Federation of Hemophilia Board said that people with hemophilia have a higher risk of internal bleeding.

Black and blue marks on the skin and excessive swelling and pain after vaccination are also results of hemophilia.

Bleeding into joints, elbow, knee, and ankle, without any injury causing joints swelling, pain, and tightness is the consequence of hemophilia. Individuals with hemophilia are at severe risk of prolonged post-operative bleeding. They suffer excessive bleeding from an injury, cuts, surgery, and dental work.

Brain hemorrhage, gastrointestinal bleeding, and bleeding from the rectum are the symptoms of hemophilia and the conditions require timely medical intervention. This is typically carried out by injecting clotting factor concentrates into the body.

Lately, the situation is not only manageable but also curable and it is done by the use of anti-hemophilic factors.

“We are in the process of launching the gene therapy in collaboration with the St. Jude Hospital for the treatment of Hemophilia B.

The research shows the gene therapy in case of hemophilia is potential for preventing the patient from suffering bleeding till the 30 years of its use,” said Dr. Poudyal who sees the need for medical care, counseling, physiotherapy, and gene transplantations for hemophilia patients so as to ease their living.
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Publish Date : 17 April 2023 21:56 PM

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