Heart disease an emerging problem in younger generation

Precautions, prevention and treatment

Dr. Kamal Lamsal

July 6, 2022


Heart disease an emerging problem in younger generation

KATHMANDU: The risk of heart disease has been increasing for decades. According to doctors, an unhealthy lifestyle, unhealthy diet, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking increase the risk of a heart attack in young people.

At present, 20 to 25 percent of the patients under the age of 40 who come to the hospital with heart problems have a heart attack, according to the hospital’s statistics.

Out of the total number of patients arriving at the hospital, the ones with heart problems are the second or third in number.

In general, the problem of heart disease is increasing all over the world. However, various studies have shown that it is still increasing in South Asian countries. Lately, heart problems have increased in the youth. According to a cardiologist, this problem has increased among the youth due to an unhealthy lifestyle.

Heart disease in the youth

In the past, we used to understand that heart disease occurs in the age group of 50 years and above. Even now, heart disease is on the rise in people with high blood pressure and diabetes.

It is getting more common in youths of late. This problem is mainly due to the use of junk food. Various researches have shown that junk food has more trans-fat.

Lack of physical exercise is also aggravating the health. It is increasing the risk of heart disease in youths these days. Unlike in the past, youths are involved in more mental work than physical work. Environmental pollution is on the rise. This also increases the risk of heart disease. The risk of heart disease is also found to increase in young people due to smoking, alcohol and stress at an early age.

Status of heart disease

If we look at the current situation, it is found that only 20- to 25-year-old people have been admitted to the emergency room of the hospital after heart attacks. There are problems like rising blood pressure, sugar, and cholesterol at an early age.

These diseases further increase the risk of heart disease. Checking for diseases like blood pressure, sugar, and cholesterol from time to time does not cause any problem.

Different problems noticed in heart patients

Heart disease is related to blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes. These are all causes of heart disease. Some people come to the hospital with complaints of shortness of breath, chest pain, and palpitation while walking.

Some people get stroke and paralysis due to heart disease. Some people even die of a massive heart attack.

Which age group has more problems?

Genetically, people with a family history of heart disease are more likely to pass it from one person to another.

This problem is increasing among people who are overweight, do not work hard, take a lot of stress, smoke, and drink a lot of alcohol. Also, people with high blood pressure, cholesterol, and diabetes are at higher risk.

Symptoms of heart disease

The main symptom of heart disease is a heart attack. Usually, when a heart attack occurs, the middle part of the chest feels heavy, heavy, and painful. Symptoms include increased chest pain while walking, difficulty in breathing, dizziness, and increased heart rate.

As soon as these symptoms appear, one should go to the hospital and have a blood test with an ECG of the heart to find out if there is a heart attack.

In what condition is heart surgery?

If someone has a heart attack, the arteries of the heart are blocked and fat is frozen, angioplasty is used to remove the blockage. This is done during an emergency or after a heart attack.

Patients with a heart attack need to go through bypass surgery without angioplasty. This is a major operation. In addition, if there is a hole in the congenital heart, the valve is damaged and the valve needs to be replaced, an operation is a must.

How to prevent heart hazards

One should abstain from smoking or drinking alcohol. Excessive consumption of such beverages at an early age can lead to heart disease.

There are many benefits to regular exercise. Don’t eat too much greasy food. Weight should be determined according to your age. Blood pressure and sugar level should be controlled. It is better to eat less meat and carbohydrates in the diet and eat more vegetables and fruits.