Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne virus that affects over 390 million people each year across the world. The disease is generally mild but can be deadly.
Dengue was originated in Africa or Southeast Asia. It was then carried to other parts of the world through trade and travel.
This disease has now spread to over 100 countries.
Symptoms of dengue
High fever, severe headache, severe eye pain, joint pain, muscle or bone pain, rash, low white cell count, among others.
Joint pain, headache, fever can last for up to a week.
How does dengue spread?
Dengue virus spreads through mosquito bites. It often spreads when a mosquito (mainly of the Aedes species) bites an infected human.
Use repellents and nettings to avoid mosquito bites.
How is it treated?
Dengue has no specific antiviral treatment. Usually, hydration and bed rest are ways to help dengue patients.
Prevention is key.
Preventing dengue is as simple as preventing mosquito bites. There has been no approved dengue vaccine.
How to prevent?
Wearing long pants and long-sleeve shirts.
Treating clothes with repellents.
Using mosquito netting.
Closing door and windows to avoid allowing mosquitoes.
Avoiding areas with standing water.