Source-The Mercury News
Some of the significant events which took place on August 2 taken from the leaf of History:
338 BC- Macedonian army led by Philip II defeats combined forces of Athens and Thebes in the Battle of Chaeronea, securing Macedonian hegemony in Greece and the Aegean.
216 BC- Second Punic War: Battle of Cannae – Carthaginian army lead by Hannibal defeats numerically superior Roman army under command consuls Lucius Aemilius Paullus and Gaius Terentius Varro.
1763- After the capture of Murshidabad, the British troops fought with Mir Kasim and got defeated at Giria.
1776- Formal signing of the US Declaration of Independence by 56 people (date most accepted by modern historians).
1790 – 1st US census conducted, the population was 3,939,214 including 697,624 slaves.
1832- Battle of Bad Axe, Wisconsin: 1,300 Illinois militia defeat Sauk & Fox Native Americans ending the Black Hawk War in the US.
1858- Government of India transferred from East India Company to the British Crown.
1973- “American Graffiti”, directed by George Lucas and starring Richard Dreyfuss and Ron Howard premieres at the Locarno International Film Festival, Switzerland.
1934 – Adolf Hitler, the chancellor of Germany, became the country’s Fuhrer (president and chancellor) today after German President Paul Von Hindenburg died.
1914 – US to Give Britain Credit: As a result of the economic instability caused by World War I, American bankers were seriously considering an issue of emergency currency within a week’s time. In Washington a conference between President Woodrow Wilson and New York Foreign exchange officials were going to discuss the possibility of allowing England an unprecedented amount of $100,000,000 credit.
1929 – U.S.A. Drought Conditions: A heat wave and near drought conditions occurring in Kansas, Oklahoma, and Western Missouri. The temperature was over 100 degrees and in Kansas it reached 107 degrees which was the hottest temperature the weather station had ever recorded.
1939 – World War I Propaganda: The German People, under the iron-clad command of Adolf Hitler, were ordered to celebrate the outbreak of World War I, which had happened 25 years before. The anniversary became a military holiday. Goebbels, Hitler’s propaganda minister, wrote in German newspapers of the time that Germany’s army had vastly improved since the 1914-1918 World War, which he trumpeted as a “heroic battle”. A German newspaper, Deutsche Allgemaine Zeitung proclaimed “… as long as Germans live they will remember their heroic sons of the World War days and will hold the memory of their deeds in the highest esteem.”
1943 – PT-109 Commanded by Lt. John F. Kennedy: The future president Lt. John F. Kennedy of the United States command, the PT-109 is sunk by the Japanese destroyer Amagiri while on patrol near the Solomon Islands. The future president was credited with saving members of his crew.
1949 – U.S.A. Bob Hope: Comedian, Bob Hope ended up in Hollywood’s Presbyterian Hospital as a result of been bucked off by his fake steed while working on a Hollywood film set. Hope was straddling a barrel rocked by Lucille Ball when it rolled over and sent him flying. He was under doctor’s orders to stay quiet in a hospital bed for several days, since the accident knocked him unconscious.
1955 – China-US prisoners to be released: After spending 32 months in a Chinese prison, eleven U.A. military airmen, who the Chinese accused of spying, were to be released. In Geneva, the Chinese Ambassador admitted that the freed airmen should be in Hong Kong by Thursday. The prisoners were shot down in their B29 aircraft which crashed on January12, 1953. Their capture and imprisonment had put a major strain on Chinese-American relations.
1964 – Gulf of Tonkin Attack On Maddox: Three North Vietnamese torpedo boats launch torpedoes against The US Destroyer Maddox in the Gulf of Tonkin. On the 4th, North Vietnamese patrol boats again attack Maddox which resulted in the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution which allowed US Forces to attack North Vietnamese basis in retaliation.
1965 – France Forest Fire Engulfs Camp Sites: Forest fires in the French Riviera in the south of France have forced hundreds of holiday makers onto the beaches, with many losing all their possessions when they left campsites and homes in the forest for the safety of the sea where they have been collecting. The French authorities have dispatched mine sweepers and other craft to pick up the survivors from the beaches.
1973 – Isle of Man Holiday Resort Fire: The Summerland complex Holiday Leisure resort in Douglas, Isle Of Man has gone up in flames trapping hundreds inside the seven story building, fire crews were quickly on the scene and many of the occupants were bought to safety but it is estimated over 50 may well have been killed in the fire.
1980 – Bologna Terrorist Bomb: A bomb planted by right wing terrorists in a waiting room explodes in Bologna railway station, killing over 70 and injuring more than 200.
1985 – U.S.A. Jumbo Jet Plane Crash: A Delta Air Lines jumbo jet crashed and exploded Friday during a sudden and violent thunderstorm on its final approach to Dallas-Fort Worth International Airport killing as many as 130 people.
1988 – American Defense Secretary, Frank Carlucci, got a rare view of Russian military bases and armaments after his Soviet counterparts were allowed the same privilege in America. In The Capital, Mr. Carlucci commented, “The American people through me can see what the Soviet military is doing and can learn about their attitudes and doctrine. Russian defense minister, Dmitri Yazov explained that the U.S. and Russia could now be direct with each other and stop the posturing and diplomatic jargon.
1990 – Iraq Invades Kuwait: 100,000 Iraqi soldiers invade Kuwait over an oil field feud when Iraqi troops crossed into Kuwait and the Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein threatens to turn Kuwait city into a “graveyard” if any other country dares to challenge the “take-over by force.”
1996 – Japan trade deficit with US: Following the ever increasing trade deficit between Japan and the U.S.A a trade agreement is reached centered on establishing fair practices for the sale of American computer chips.
1999 – India Deadly Train Crash: A deadly train crash in Eastern India between an express train bound for Delhi and the stationary Awadh-Assam Express at Gaisal station has left the death toll at over 500, the cause of the crash is believed to be faulty signals which allowed the express train to plough into the stationary train and due to ammunition belonging to an army unit exploding a fire swept through the carriages where thousands of passengers were burned alive.
2003 – Liberia President Charles Taylor Ousted: In Monrovia, Liberia rogue President Charles Taylor, accused of producing 14 years of armed conflict in his country, fled to south eastern Buchanan. A delegate of Western African leaders entered the Liberian capital with the intent of persuading Mr. Taylor into exile or retirement. Rebels were still shooting when they arrived. Nigerian peacekeepers were to be installed on Monday and Taylor was commanded to leave his country no later than Thursday. Taylor is accused of war crimes.
2007 – Recall By Fisher Price: Fisher Price part of the Mattel group is to recall more 1 1/2 million Chinese manufactured toys over fears that the paint used could pose a health risk to young children if ingested. The toys effected include the popular Sesame Street’s Big Bird and Elmo which are targeted at young children who are more likely to put the toys in their mouths. Check out examples of toys throughout history here!
2009 – Gulf War Missing in Action Found: The remains of the last US serviceman to be officially listed as missing in action from the 1991 Gulf War were found in Iraq by military officials after being notified of the possible location by local citizens.
2011 – President Obama Signs Debt Deal: After the US Senate voted to approve a debt deal, narrowly avoiding the default deadline, President Obama signed the deal, that would raise the debt ceiling by up to $2.4 trillion, it into law.
2012 – Chinese Teen Kills Eight: A Chinese teenager killed eight people and wounded five others in a knife attack in the Liaoning province. The seventeen-year old boy attacked his girlfriend’s relatives after a fight with her.
2013 – Johnson and Johnson Fined: Healthcare Company Johnson and Johnson was fined for $85,000 in China after being accused of violating anti-monopoly laws in the country. Part of the accusation included concerns that they were setting a minimum price for surgical instruments being sold.
2018-The tech giant Apple becomes the first American public listed company to reach $1 trillion in value.